Secondary school is a term used to describe an educational institution where the final stage of schooling, known as secondary education and usually compulsory up to a specified age, occurs. It follows Extra Update elementary or primary education and may be followed by university (tertiary) education. There are many types of secondary schools and mobile phones, and the terminology used varies worldwide. Children usually transfer to secondary school between the ages of 10 and 16 and finish between the ages of 15 and 19, though there is considerable variation from country to country. Depending on the system, schools for this period or a part of it may be called secondary schools, high schools, gymnasia, lyceums, middle schools, colleges, vocational schools, and preparatory schools, and the exact meaning of any of these varies between the systems.
The secondary school students are those in post-primary studies or as described above. At this stage of academics, students lay the foundation for their future. No matter what the student wants to be in life, the way is paved at this stage, so most errors not corrected in secondary school live with most students for the rest of their lives. Building people with global passion is deeply rooted in this stage of education. A mobile phone (also called mobile, cellular telephone, or cell phone) is an electronic device used for two-way radio telecommunication over a cellular network of base stations known as cell sites. Mobile phones differ from cordless telephones, which only offer telephone service within a limited range through a single base station attached to a fixed landline, for example, within a home or an office.
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A mobile phone allows its user to make and receive telephone calls to and from the public telephone network, including other mobiles and fixed-line phones worldwide. It does this by connecting to a cellular network owned by a mobile network operator. A key feature of the cellular network is that it enables seamless telephone calls even when the user is moving around wide areas via a process known as handoff or handover.
In addition to being a telephone, modern mobile phones also support many additional services and accessories, such as SMS (or text) messages, e-mail, Internet access, gaming, Bluetooth and infrared short-range wireless communication, camera, MMS messaging, MP3 player, radio, and GPS. Low-end mobile phones are often referred to as feature phones, whereas high-end mobile phones that offer more advanced computing ability are called smartphones.
Dr. Martin Cooper of Motorola demonstrated the first handheld mobile phone in 1973, using a handset weighing 2 kg (4.4 lb). Motorola released the first commercially available mobile phone, the DynaTAC 8000x, in 1983. In the year 1990, 12.4 million people worldwide had cellular subscriptions. By the end of 2009, less than 20 years later, mobile cellular subscriptions worldwide reached approximately 4.6 billion, 370 times the 1990 number, penetrating the developing economies and reaching the bottom of the economic pyramid.
The mobile phone has been an effective means of communication which has solved many problems and poses a lot. It is portable, as the name suggests; you can walk around with it, play with it, sleep with it, travel with it, and equally go into the restroom with it. I see it as an important means of communication which has helped in many ways, including times of danger, but is this seen among the students of secondary schools these days? The answer is NO! Instead of doing well for this young generation or the called “future leader, “the mobile phone has caused much harm to these upcoming geniuses. The question is, is it advisable for secondary school students to own mobile phones? I mean students holding a mobile phone and not making use of the mobile phone. Several reasons below why secondary students should not own a mobile phone.
SIDE EFFECTS OF OWNING A PHONE BY STUDENTS:
Over the past decade, the world has seen rapid growth in cell phone users. Everyone from older adults to kids in high school seems to carry one glued to their ears without understanding the possible health risks associated with using cellular telephones. To begin with, a recent scientific journal published in 2007 titled Long-term Use of cellular phones and Brain Tumors concluded after assessing results from many different studies that using cell phones for more than ten years shows an increased risk for acoustic neuroma and glioma. Adding the risk is highest for ipsilateral exposure, meaning a tumor on the same side of the brain where the phone is mostly held. Research scientists behind this journal assert that most studies on cell phone use and brain tumors have been mostly conducted with an insufficiently long latency period. This journal report reviews other studies and evidence of data entry errors, systematic bias, and mathematical errors within those studies.
The effect mobile phone radiation has on human health is the subject of recent interest and study due to the enormous increase in mobile phone usage worldwide (as of June 2009, there were more than 4.3 billion users worldwide. Mobile phones use electromagnetic radiation in the microwave range, which some believe may harm human health. A large body of research exists, both epidemiological and experimental, in non-human animals and humans, of which the majority shows no definite causative relationship between exposure to mobile phones and harmful biological effects in humans. This is often paraphrased simply as the balance of evidence showing no harm to humans from mobile phones. However, a significant number of individual studies do suggest such a relationship or are inconclusive. Other digital wireless systems, such as data communication networks, produce similar radiation.
The World Health Organization, based upon the majority view of scientific and medical communities, has stated that cancer is unlikely to be caused by cellular phones or their base stations and that reviews have found no convincing evidence for other health effects. The WHO expects to make recommendations about mobile phones in 2010. Some national radiation advisory authorities have recommended measures to minimize exposure to their citizens as a precautionary approach. At least some recent studies, however, have found an association between cell phone use and certain kinds of brain and salivary gland tumors. Lennart Hardell and other authors of a 2009 meta-analysis of 11 studies from peer-reviewed journals concluded that cell phone usage for at least ten years “approximately doubles the risk of being diagnosed with a brain tumor on the same (“ipsilateral”) side of the head as that preferred for cell phone use.”
Some students habitually keep their mobile phones on during classes and studies, even in the library. They do so for their classmates to know their latest ringing tones, distracting other students, even the teacher. Some even put it in vibration and are distracted by the beat from calls during lessons and school hours, diverting their concentration on who is calling.
This “mobile phone” with different memory capacities is used to download and store several kinds of music of other lyrics and tones. The songs are being listened to now and then with earpieces at school and home, forgetting their academic work, which is supposed to be their priority. Some even play these songs in class, distracting the serious and minded students, while the constant use of the earpiece makes it difficult for some of them to understand conversations with low tones and shout while talking to be heard. The academic distraction is getting worse by the day because those that don’t own a mobile phone are eager to get one. Once a student brings a book to study, and a call comes, that is the end of the study after the call because their concentration will be on the call answered.
One of the several factors that have distracted these upcoming leaders of our generation has a lot to do with mobile phones. Most students spend hours playing games on their phones, namely real football games, soccer games, snake zip, car race, puzzle games, etc. They enjoy these games to the extent of neglecting their academic work, assignments, homework, etc. They even discuss these games at school, encouraging others to see how interesting they are, storing them in memory instead of their studies. Analysis of performing art/creative work and playing mobile phone games in twenty-nine secondary schools revealed that 50% could play mobile phone games very well, 27% can do their art/creative work well, In contrast, 23% can neither do art/creative work nor play games well. In order words, academic assignments suffer the most.
A mobile phone is expensive for secondary school students with little or no earning source. Most of them prefer buying phones with their school fees to paying them. When this mobile phone is accepted, the student has to recharge it, make calls, send text messages, browse, and download files. All these things are money that can be used for their academic pursuit and other essential items. The cost of repairing and replacing damaged/lost ones is not left out because the fact remains that once a student has started using phones, they must be repaired or replaced when damaged or lost. Check the cost of recharging a mobile phone daily for one month, not to talk of a year. All these are unnecessary expenses for students that someone is training.
NEGATIVE BEHAVIOR IN CHILDREN:
Once a child (student) starts using a mobile phone, the numbers will be distributed to different kinds of people who will call, and the student will receive them. Most of these phones are multi-media, such that they download and watch all sorts of pornographic pictures and movies, which curiosity will allow them to practice and know what it is all about. Once a student starts using the mobile phone, it is an alert for the opposite sex that they are ripe for a sexual relationship. Naturally, their people who cannot speak to their mates face-to-face, using mobile phones becomes a good medium to express their feelings. Most of these students’ calls and messages are all about “I love you, crazy about you, miss you, and the likes of it” Once a new “love” is found, it takes almost everything in the person, e.g., the thinking, sleepless nights, even financial spending. For some, the phone is used for formalizing arrangements and appointments. With their phones, they know and observe all the happenings in the town, like parties, nightclubs, etc.
Telling lies has become a common thing for students with their mobile phones. Imagine a student in another place for days told the parents that she went on an excursion, which resulted in pregnancy after some months, forgetting that “all liars shall have their part in the lake of fire that burns with brimstone” according to the biblical injunction. Some of them are too proud of themselves when they have expensive phones with them, not knowing that “pride goes before a fall” Some practice stealing in collaboration with the lie to buy/ replace their phones. Some students with mobile phones commit other atrocities like kidnapping, stealing, etc.
Most students cannot concentrate on their studies because of the free calls (night calls) from different networks. These calls start at 12:30 am and end at 4:30-5:00 am, and some students make these calls daily; how can they learn when they are dizzy or sleeping in class? How can they mentally balance health-wise when they don’t normally sleep like students? Some of them risk making these calls outside the room because of the distractions to others in the same room. If utilized, The hours spent making these calls can make the student emerge the best in academic activities.
Most students don’t study again because of the points mentioned above; rather indulge in exam malpractice during internal and external examinations. Some use the calculator on their mobile phone, while others store some information. The worst is that others use it to send objective answers to those in the examination hall, which may not be correct at the end of the day. If caught, this can end the student’s career, as exam malpractice is a punishable offense.
In summary, mobile phones have been of help because the information is power. When students are not informed, they will be deformed; when bent, they cannot perform. I encourage students of secondary schools to make calls by phone boot using their parents, family, or relatives’ communication devices rather than owning one because the bad part of mobile phones to students is more than the good part. The earlier you look into this and analyze it, the better for you.