Yoga – Origin and Background of Yog

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Yoga is an age-old technology made up of various disciplines of thoughts and body. It has originated in India 2500 years ago and continues to be powerful in bringing standard fitness and nicely-being to any person who does it often. The word yoga is based upon the Sanskrit verb Yuja. It means to attach, to culminate, or to concur. It’s the culmination of mind and body or the culmination of Jiva and Shiva (soul and the general spirit). It’s additionally an end result of Purush and Prakriti (Yin and Yang).


The term Yoga has a huge scope. There are several schools or systems of Yoga. Dhyana Yoga (Yoga through information), Bhakti yoga (Yoga through devotion), Karmayoga (Yoga thru action), Raja yoga (Royal or ideal Yoga), and Hathayoga (Yoga via balancing contrary concepts of the body). All of these colleges of Yoga are not necessarily very extraordinary from every different. They are instead like threads of the equal cloth, entangled into every other. For heaps of years, Yoga has been seemed upon as an effective way of self-development and spiritual enlightenment. All those structures essentially have this equal reason; the best approaches of achieving it are a little different for each of them. In its most famous shape, the time period Yoga has come to companion with the final of these systems which is Hatha yoga. For the cause of this text, too, the time period Yoga is used with the same meaning. Although, in relation to the Philosophy of Yoga, which is at the end of this article, the term facebook baby yoga will have a broader scope.

Asana and Pranayama

Let’s take a detailed study of the principle two components of Hatha yoga i.E. Asana and Pranayama.

A) Asana:

Asana way obtaining a body posture and maintaining it so long as one’s body lets in. Asana, when performed rightly consistent with the policies discussed above, render tremendous bodily and psychological blessings. Asana are seemed upon because the preliminary step to Pranayama. With the exercise of Asana, there may be a balancing of opposite concepts within the frame and psyche. It also allows taking away inertia. Benefits of Asana are superior with the longer upkeep of it. Asana needs to be strong, regular and excellent. Here is the precis of widespread rules to be followed for doing Asana.

Summary of regulations:

1. Normal breathing
2. Focused stretching
three. Stable and nice postures (thiram sukham asanam)
4. Minimal efforts (Prayatnay shaithilyam)
5. No comparisons or competition with others
6. No jerks or fast moves. Maintain a sluggish and regular tempo.

Each asana has its personal blessings and some common advantages together with balance, flexibility, higher hormonal secretion, feeling refreshed and rejuvenated. It’s a false impression that an Asana (Yoga stretch) must be tough to do so that it will be useful. Many of the perfect Asana render the maximum of the not unusual benefits of facebook baby yoga to their fullest. Besides, the beauty of Yoga is in the fact that at a not-so-best stage most of the advantages are nonetheless available. That way even a newbie blessings from Yoga as lots as an expert.

In their quest to find an option to the miseries of human body and mind, the founders of Yoga found part of their solutions inside nature. They watched the birds and animals stretching their our bodies in particular fashion to dispose of the inertia and malaise. Based on these observations, they created Yoga stretches and named them after the birds or animals or fish that stimulated those stretches. For example, matsyasana (fish pose), makarasana (crocodile pose), shalabhasana (grasshopper pose), bhujangasana (cobra pose), marjarasana (cat pose), mayurasana (peacock pose), vrischikasana (scorpion pose), gomukhasana (cow’s mouth pose), parvatasana (mountain pose), vrikshasana (tree pose) and so on.

Many of the Asana may be extensively categorized primarily based upon the type of strain at the stomach. Most of the ahead bending Asana are advantageous stress Asana as they put effective strain at the stomach through crunching it e.G. Pashchimatanasana, Yogamudra (Yoga symbol pose), Hastapadasana (hand and feet pose), Pavanmuktasana (wind free pose) etc. The backward bending Asana are the bad strain Asana as they take stress far from the stomach e.G. Dhanurasana (bow pose), Bhujangasana (cobra pose), Naukasana (boat pose) and so forth. Both forms of Asana provide incredible stretch to the again and abdomen and reinforce both these organs. Alternating between advantageous and bad strain on the identical area of the body intensifies and enhances blood movement in that place. The muscle group in use receives greater delivery of oxygen and blood due to the pressure on that spot. E.G. In Yogamudra (symbol of facebook baby yoga ), the lower abdomen gets high-quality strain because of which Kundalini is waked up. Hastapadasana refreshes all nerves within the again of the legs and additionally inside the again. As a result, you experience sparkling and rejuvenated. Vakrasana offers an excellent rubdown to the pancreas and liver and hence is usually recommended for diabetic patients.

2. Pranayama

Practicing Pranayama is one of the approaches of getting rid of mental disturbances and bodily sick fitness. Pranayama manner controlled and extended the span of the breath. Prana way breath. It additionally manner life force. Ayama means controlling or elongation. Just like a pendulum requires twice lengthy to come again to its unique position, the exhalations in Pranayama are twice longer than the inhalation. The most important purpose of Pranayama is to convey intellectual balance and restraint goals through controlling respiratory. Breathing is a feature of a self reliant anxious device. By bringing the involuntary system of respiratory under control of thoughts, the scope of volition is broadened. Pranayama is a bridge among Bahiranga (exoteric) Yoga and Antaranga (introspective or esoteric) Yoga. A body that has emerged as stable by way of Asana and has been cleansed via Kriya (cleansing tactics) is prepared for Pranayama. On the other hand, Pranayama prepares the mind and body for the meditational and nonsecular practice of Yoga including Dhyana, Dharana, and Samadhi. On physical degree, the exercise of Pranayama will increase blood in oxygen, subsequently refreshing and rejuvenate the mind and the nerves. Here are a few bodily blessings of Pranayama.

A. Lungs, chest, diaphragm grow to be stronger and healthier.
B. The capacity of lungs is extended.
C. Slow changing pressure creates a form of rubdown to all organs in the stomach hollow space.
D. Purifies blood by way of growing blood’s capacity to take in more oxygen.
E. Brain features higher with more oxygen within the blood.
F. Neuromuscular coordination improves.
G. Body turns into lean and the pores and skin glow.

There is 8 essential Pranayama specifically, Ujjayi, Suryabhedan, Sitkari, Shitali, Bhastrika, Bhramari, Murchha, Plavini. Among these, Ujjayi is the most popular Pranayama. Pranayama includes four elements within the following order:
1) Puraka (Controlled inhalation)
2) Abhyantara Kumbhaka (Holding breath in)
3) Rechaka (Controlled exhalation)
4) Bahya Kumbhaka (Holding breath out).

The ratio of these components to every different is commonly 1:4:2:4 with a few exceptions. Patanjali’s Yogasutra agrees with this ratio in conjunction with many other scriptures. For the purpose of universal nicely-being, working towards the first 3 elements is enough. A religious practitioner usually practices all 4 parts inclusive of the ultimate one i.E. Bahya Kumbhaka. Such a practitioner also does many extra repetitions than a person who does it for standard health and properly-being. Out of the four parts of Pranayama, it is the Abhyantara Kumbhaka that is essentially recognized with Pranayama. There is one greater Kumbhaka that takes place spontaneously and is referred to as Keval Kumbhaka.

Bandha (Locks) are very critical to the practice of Pranayama. Mulabandha (locking the anus), Jalandhar bandha (locking the throat place or jugular notch), Udiyanabandha (locking the abdomen or diaphragm) and Jivhabandha (locking the tongue) are the 4 locks which are accomplished in the course of Pranayama. Depending upon the cause of Pranayama (nonsecular or widespread fitness), locks are carried out. Mulabandha, Jalandhar bandha and Udiyanabandha are the not unusual Bandha accomplished through each

person. Jivhabandha is mandatory handiest if achieved for religious purposes.

Characteristics of Yoga

Let’s check a number of the chief characteristics of Yoga.

1) Yoga isn’t a workout.

To understand the concept of Yoga one have to understand that the positions in Yoga are not exercises however bodily stretches and maintenance of stretches. You can also describe Yoga in terms of Yogic stretches or Yogic practices. Acquiring a framing role via stretching the muscle tissues and then preserving this role as long as one’s frame allows, that’s what Yogic stretches are. Yoga calls for very clean and managed motions and a gradual constant tempo. To gain this one needs to have a general concentration of mind even as doing Yoga.

The actions in Yoga are easy, sluggish and controlled. Comparison with others is substantially discouraged. Doing some thing past one’s potential simply out of opposition typically consequences in hurting one’s body and consequently is greatly discouraged. Breathing in Yoga remains regular in contrast to many cardio exercises. Yoga is likewise Isotonic not like bodybuilding physical games, which are isometric in nature. In isotonic stretches, length of the muscle tissues increases at the same time as tone stays the same as against the isometric physical activities in which duration of the muscle mass stays the equal whilst the tone modifications. In Isotonic stretches, the frame is stretched in a selected manner and maintained that manner for a while.

2) Longer renovation and fewer repetitions (as according to the body’s ability).

Benefits of Yoga are greater with the protection of a frame stretch. Longer the maintenance better might be the impact. However one can’t pressure oneself into retaining the stretch longer than the frame can undergo. Each and every position is first-class and solid (Sthiram Sukham Asanam). Sthiram means regular. Sukham way high-quality and Asanam method a frame posture or role. The proper role for you is that during which your body remains constant (stream) and that’s high-quality and at ease to you (sukham). The moment a stretch becomes insufferable and uncomfortable and the body starts offevolved shaking, one desires to pop out of that position in a totally slow, easy and controlled way. There could be more repetitions and shorter upkeep for an amateur. With more practice, the repetitions may be fewer and preservation could be longer. After doing Yoga one has to only sense high-quality and clean and nothing else. If you feel worn-out or fatigued or any a part of your body aches, it most effective way that you have tried past your ability.

3) Trust your body. Apply minimal efforts:

With the practice of Yoga, you also discover ways to consider your frame’s potential to progress in phrases of pliability without aware efforts. As long because the intention is in thoughts and the frame is stretched simplest to its present-day capability, the flexibility develops on its own. One wishes to simply recognition on the breath, consciousness on the present kingdom of the body pose and enjoys that pose as lengthy because it feels comfy. ‘Prayatnay Shaithilyam’ way minimal efforts. Although there’s a super function defined and preferred for every asana, no person is forced into achieving the appropriate function. Yoga is carried out with the consider that flexibility is obtained after a non-stop and regular exercise. There is a message here and that is to trust within the unknown. This message in conjunction with the advanced endocrine function, better muscle tone, calmer mind and extended positive outlook may be extraordinarily beneficial for healing from any illness.

4) Focused stretching:

The potential to stretch or stress one muscle organization even as enjoyable the rest of the body is known as targeted stretching. For instance, if a specific Asana is based upon stretching the stomach as the main muscle group (the pivotal muscle groups), then the relaxation of the frame is cozy whilst the stomach is stretched or compelled. One has to watch for useless straining of these muscle groups that are speculated to be comfortable. Initially, this is hard to follow but it will become less difficult with a few exercise.

This dependency of differentiating between exceptional muscle tissues for the pressure becomes very useful in other areas of existence too. It enables you to relax higher even as driving all through rush hour. While doing ordinary daily tasks it makes you aware of the needless anxiety on distinct components of your frame. You are watchful even as speaking to someone or whilst brushing your teeth or whilst stuck in a traffic jam. You learn how to ask yourself, ‘Am I preserving my breath, are my shoulders demanding, is my neck stiff, are my fingers curled?’ and many others. Etc. These acts are useless and they deplete energy. Yoga teaches you the way to relax and offers you time freed from concerns and regrets, impatience and anxieties.

5) Breathing:

Monitoring your respiration is a critical part of Yoga. Common mistakes which include holding of breath or respiratory intentionally arise throughout Yoga. Both those errors ought to be avoided. Holding lower back on breath offers complications, fatigue and consequently the benefits of Yoga are lost by way of flawed or insufficient respiratory.


The ultimate intention of Yoga is the amalgamation of self into the more self. Yuja way to mix or to connect. A connection of Atma and Paramatma is the merging of the frame and the spirit. Yoga is a way of lifestyles. It’s a total integration. According to Patanjali (founder of Yoga), matters define Yoga postures; a solid and comfy body posture and Anantha Samapatti. Therefore you can not separate bodily postures from meditation. In truth, a body that has turned out to be flexible and steady via the exercise of numerous positions becomes a great basis for the remaining transcendental country of thoughts (Samadhi).

The kriya (cleaning strategies) purify the body. Mudra and bandha deliver the essential balance of thoughts and awareness, first of all on one’s respiratory (pranadharana) after which on God (Ishwarpranidhana). Initially, the thoughts wander plenty and that’s o.Ok. One ought to permit it to wander. Later one need to rely on his breaths and should study the inner and outer flow of air through the air passages. (pranadharna). This will permit him to concentrate higher on himself (sakshibhavana). In the beginning, it will likely be tough to pay attention since the body postures aren’t that steady. But with practice, it turns into better and higher. For this one have to purposely take away his thoughts from body posture and recognition it directly to the respiration manner (pranadharana).

Benefits of Yoga

If you follow the simple guidelines, several benefits may be reaped. Maintenance of body stretches makes the body supple, lean, bendy and solid. Breathing strategies purify the blood and cleanse nasal passages and sinuses. Stress remedy is the greatest of all the benefits. Relaxing positions in Yoga teach you to loosen up your muscle groups and let the gravity paintings on your frame. The potential to distinguish among anxiety on exclusive parts of the frame, i.E. To stretch one muscle group while relaxing all of the others teaches you to relax and no longer waste electricity for the duration of your everyday ordinary. The part about awareness is crucial in presenting alleviation for your thoughts from fear and strain of regular sports. Here is a detailed have a look at a number of the most important benefits of Yoga.

1. Stress remedy

Stress, anxiety, anxiety are the inevitable capabilities of present-day life. Yoga offers many techniques to cope up with the stress and anxiety. A strain loose mind reduces the chances of catching a disease to 1/2, this has been widely known by now. Yoga teaches very effective respiration and relaxing techniques to achieve this. Yoga additionally lets you feel comfortable quicker and lift your electricity reserve by teaching you a way to allow the gravity paintings on your frame. Half of the fatigue in any hobby comes from incorrect and inadequate respiratory and with the aid of keeping breath unnecessarily.

Yoga teaches you a way to breathe properly and how no longer to make your body irritating and stiff while doing other each day tasks too. The precept of targeted stretching teaches you a way to no longer waste strength for the duration of your day by day ordinary. It makes you privy to the needless tension on one of kind elements of your body. Yoga teaches you to loosen up completely and offers you time free of concerns and regrets and impatience and anxieties. People having busy schedules who’re used to being in motion all the time must understand that enjoyable isn’t always a crime or no longer a waste of time. On the contrary, it offers you new energy to do your responsibilities higher.

2. Feeling energized and refreshed

Adequate breathing performs an exceptional function in rejuvenating and clean thoughts and body. Breathing techniques in Yoga offer plentiful deliver of oxygen to the lungs, cleanse nasal passages and sinuses and accordingly assist senses refreshed. A body that has turned out to be lean and flexible with stretches and maintenance of the stretches receives purified with the aid of respiratory techniques and will become energized. Various Yoga stretches result in a balanced secretion of hormones, which eventually rejuvenate the complete body and one feels refreshed and energized as a result.

3. Flexibility of thoughts and body

Apart from the enjoyable impact, yoga additionally consists of many frame stretches which whilst maintained for a couple of minutes give the first-rate flexibility to our muscular tissues. One starts offevolved wondering, ‘Am I the same individual who was once so stiff?’ In many continual disorders of the spine, Yoga has helped many humans to reduce the frequency and depth of the disease which includes spondylitis, arthritis, and many others. Maintenance of frame stretches makes the body supple, lean, bendy and solid. In the system, now not handiest your body however also your mind becomes flexible. The mind acquires religion that matters can trade favorably given enough time.

4. Relief from persistent issues

Yoga is especially correct for having managed over breath and spine. Breath and backbone are like wild animals. You pressure them to do something they pounce on you. You coax them, be patient with them, they may be tamed to any quantity. Many Yoga stretches make the backbone robust and bendy. Time and again Yoga has proved to be a blessing for all varieties of problems of the lower back. The method of exhaling twice longer than breathing in (Pranayama) offers considerable deliver oxygen to the blood and many impurities of blood are cured. The planned exhaling method (Shwasanmargshuddhi) cleanse the nasal passage and the sinuses. They assist get rid of chronic sinus problem or clogging of nasal passage for lots human beings. That makes the lungs and respiration organs more potent. The stomach respiratory approach (Kapalbhati) helps human beings with allergies or susceptible diaphragm to respire without difficulty.

5. Focus of mind

The practice of Yoga allows in getting higher awareness of mind. Meditation, being part of Yoga, teaches you how to awareness higher and achieve more from any pastime. Dharana, which means that narrowed focus on a subject through restricting Chitta (mind) is one of the 8 limbs of Ashtanga yoga. It teaches you to dispose of all other thoughts from the mind and awareness at the target. People have benefited fantastically in terms of recognition of thoughts by means of doing meditation (Dhyana) and Dharana for the duration of every age.

6. Benefits of not-so-best degree

Even if one can’t reap perfection in an Asana, the blessings of an Asana are nevertheless to be had at a no longer-so-perfect level along with calmer thoughts, better flexibility, better blood pressure, lower pulse charge and higher endocrine characteristic. Whatever nation of Asana one is in, if one continues the pose simply, the body receives the vital rub down and stretch. There is a higher secretion of endocrine glands due to the steady and sufficient stretch. The mind cells get the essential alerts and thoughts becomes calmer. Breath is more controlled and as an end result feels refreshed. All of this occurs regardless of the extent of perfection. It’s the stability and degree of comfort it truly is extra vital than perfection.

Origin and philosophy of Yoga: Ashtanga yoga

Among the numerous proponents of Yoga, Patanjali (2d century B.C) is the most widely recognized and most revered of all and is properly universal as the founding father of Yoga. His ebook Shripatanjali Darshan that’s a set of hymns (also called as Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras) is held in excessive esteem by the specialists and practitioners and is called one of the most revered reference ebook (a workbook for actual practice) on Yoga. Patanjali’s Yoga is called Patanjali (that of Patanjali) and is likewise considered as Raja yoga, because of this the Royal Yoga or the splendid, chic Yoga because it includes practices that result in religious liberation (Moksha). Raja yoga is part of Sankhya philosophy and is understood to arouse Kundalini (Complete beginning of Chakra while reached in a transcendental state of meditation) and results into complete religious enlightenment if practiced often.

Patanjali yoga is also called Ashtanga yoga since it has 8 dimensions or eight limbs. Ashta means 8 and Anga approach size or a limb in Sanskrit. Yama (Rules for the social existence), Niyama (Rules for private development), Asana (Yoga Posture), Pranayama (Prolonged and managed breathing), Pratyahara (withdrawal of senses), Dharana (narrowed focusing on a topic), Dhyana (endured enjoy of meditation), Samadhi (transcendental kingdom in which there may be best an essence of pure existence) are the eight limbs of Ashtanga yoga. The first 4 dimensions make up the exoteric (Bahiranga) part of Ashtanga yoga while the ultimate four dimensions make up the esoteric (Antaranga) a part of Ashtanga yoga. Out of the 8 limbs of Ashtanga yoga, Asana and Pranayama are the simplest two limbs that usually stand for the time period Yoga in its maximum popular shape.

Hatha yoga

In the 15th century, A.D. Yogi Swatmaram based one of the six structures of Yoga referred to as Hatha yoga. Although the time period Hatha in Sanskrit manner being forceful, Hatha yoga isn’t always approximately Hatha but is about the balance between the 2 concepts of the body. Ha, and Tha is basically symbols. Ha way Surya (sun). Tha approach Chandra (moon). Right nose (Pingala) is the Surya Nadi even as the left nose (Ida) is the Chandra Nadi.

Just the way the solar and the moon balance the life cycle of the sector; the 2 nostrils stability the lifestyles cycle of the body. Nadi is a channel thru which the life force flows. Hatha yoga facilitates to maintain this balance by correcting the practical issues of the frame and bringing intellectual peace. Hathayogapradipika is the usual textbook on Hathayoga written by means of Yogi Swatmaram. Hatha yoga accepts Patanjala Yoga as popular. Although it’s a very independent faculty of philosophy in its personal right, it is essentially based totally upon the philosophy of Rajayoga expounded in Patanjali’s Yogasutra. In truth, each school of philosophy culminates into Rajayoga since the purpose of each school is similar to Rajayoga i.E. To gain ever-lasting peace and happiness.

Hatha yoga consists of

a. Asana (body positions or stretches e.G. Mountain pose, cobra pose)
b. Pranayama (controlled breathing strategies e.G. Ujjayi, Anuloma Viloma)
c. Kriya (cleansing tactics e.G. Kapalbhati)
d. Bandha and Mudra (Locks and symbol poses e.G. Udiyana bandha, Jivha bandha, Mahamudra)

As according to Hatha yoga, Asana, Pranayama, Kriya, Bandha, and Mudra are stepping stones to acquire the closing psycho nonsecular impact of Rajayoga. They create the necessary foundation of stable and calm mind and body for Rajayoga. There are but subtle variations among Patanjala Yoga and Hatha yoga. Patanjali emphasizes more at the psycho-spiritual effect of Yoga rather than the bodily aspects and real techniques of Asana and Pranayama. His Asana and Pranayama are also a lot simpler and less complicated to do than the ones in Hatha yoga. For this, he recommends the least amount of efforts (Prayatnay Shaithilyam) and retaining a steady, rhythmic tempo and a strong, relaxed frame role. Patanjali’s Yogasutra speaks Asana and Pranayama only in the bankruptcy of Kriyayoga (part of Sadhana pada) because the tool to achieve bodily and mental fitness. On the other hand, the emphasis of Hatha yoga is greater on the strategies of Asana and Pranayama, Kriya, Bandha, and Mudra.

Philosophy of Yogasutra:

Patanjali’s Yogasutra consists of 195 sutras and four Pada (sections or chapters): Samadhi pada, Sadhana Pada, Vibhuti Pada and Kaivalya pada. Kriyayoga, the chapter at the actual practice of Yoga is a part of Sadhana Pada (section approximately the way of taking a look at and practice of Yoga). Kriyayoga discusses Asana and Pranayama viz. The bodily part of Yoga. Just to offer a glimpse of Patanjali’s philosophy, right here are a few mind from the Samadhi Pada and Sadhana Pada of Yogasutra:

According to Patanjali, meaning and motive of Yoga are to acquire Samadhi (remaining transcendental kingdom wherein there’s sense of natural existence and not anything else). Yoga is a union of thoughts and body. It’s as compared with a relaxing river, which flows down toward its inclined bed without efforts. Thus Yoga is more than a physical exercise. To be capable of listening to your mind is the greatest gain of Yoga. Yoga is nothing however self-examine. Purpose of Yoga is to be self-conscious. Yoga teaches you to be closer to nature and lead healthy lifestyles. For this, you want determination and religion in Yoga.

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